MBA备考日记

【干货】MBA英语阅读理解:六大题型及其解题技巧



英语阅读的练习在联考复习后期要不能间断


练习很重要,总结也很重要。


今天翰章(华章)老师为各位考生归纳了关于阅读理解的六大题型及解题思路


一、阅读理解题型及其提问方式


  
1、主旨题
  
考查考生归纳文章中心思想或判断作者写作意图的能力。题型包括概括文章中心思想及判断写作意图。
  
主旨题常见提问方式:
  

What is the main idea/topic/subject/purpose of the passage?

  

What is the passage mainly about/concerned with?

  

What does the passage mainly discuss/talk about?

  

What is the point the author makes in the passage?

  

The passage is meant/intended to__________.

  

Which of the following would be the best/most appropriate title for the passage?

  

Which of the following could best summarize the passage?

  

The main idea of the second paragraph is________.

  
2、细节题
  
考查考生理解有关细节具体内容或确切意义或判断有关细节在文中所起作用的能力。题型包括细节理解及细节语篇功能的判断。
  
细节题常见提问方式:
  

According to the passage, when(where,why,who,which,how)because_______.

  

The reason for is that_______.

  

The example in the second paragraph is used to illustrate____.

  

The author wants to prove with the example of that_______.


此类题型也是近期复习的重点,想做到不丢分并不难!
翰章(华章)教育的英语老师一直在帮助更多考生在英语这门科目中,不断锤炼自己的做题技巧,在短时间内,尽快提分!



3、语义题

  
考查考生根据上下文判断单词、词组或句子的意义或含义的能力。题型包括多义词或超纲单词在特定语境中意义的判断或词组、句子在特定语境中含义的判断。
  
语义题常见提问方式:
  


The word“”in Paragraph X/Line X probably means_____.
  
Which of the following is closest/nearest in meaning to the word“”?
  
The word“”could best be replaced by _______.
  
By“”,the author means ______.
  
“it/they/them”in Line X refers to/stands for _______.
  
In Line X, the phrase“”probably means _______.
  
The sentence“”in the second paragraph implies that _____.
4、态度题
  
考查考生对作者或其他说话者的态度、立场、观点、感情倾向的把握能力。题型为态度或语气判断。



态度题常见提问方式:
  
What is the author’s attitude towards?
  
The tone of the author/passage is______.
  
5、推断题
  
考查考生基于显性信息推断隐性信息或根据事实形成结论的能力。题型包括推断言外之意、得出合理结论、判断逻辑序列等。
  
推断题常见提问方式:
  
It can be inferred/concluded from the passage that______.
  
We can infer/conclude from the passage that________.
  
The passage implies/suggests that________.
  
Which of the following has most probably been discussed before the passage?
  
Which of the following will most likely be discussed after the passage?
6、是非判断题
  
考查考生基于文章内容“去伪存真”的能力。题型为真伪辨别。
  
是非判断题常见提问方式:
  
Which of the following statements is true/false according to the passage?
  
Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
  
All of the following statements are true/false EXCEPT_________.
  
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

以上就是阅读理解的题型及出题方式,快速识别题型有利于你快速选择解题思路,上面提到的常见提问方式都眼熟了吗?

没眼熟?那还不加个星标,提醒自己多看两眼?!


二、阅读理解六大题型的解题技巧



我们了解题型是为了更快更准的做对题目,下面就是翰章(华章)老师为大家总结的解题技巧!


1、主旨题的解题技巧
  
(1)重点阅读文章的首尾段
  
(2)所选答案必须包含文中提及频率高的关键信息词(或其同义词)
  
(3)所选答案必须能够涵盖整篇文章(段落)的内容
  
(4)倘若符合以上两个条件的选项不止一个,选择在文中占据最多篇幅的选项
  
2、细节题的解题技巧
  
以题干中的关键信息词作为“路标”,查找相关信息在文中的位置,仔细阅读包含该信息词的句子或其上下文。


3、语义题的解题技巧
  
以问题词语所在的上下文作为分析判断的依据。
  
推测单词词义的常用方法:
  
(1)根据文中对该词的定义来确定。定义性质的词语有:be,mean,be defined as,be called,be known as,be referred to as,be what is called等。
  
The ability to judge rightly and separate the true from the false is what is called good sense.
  
(2)根据文中的举例来推测。表示举例的词语有:like, such as,for example,for instance等。
  
economy,real goods such as automobiles,shoes,and pizzas are traded against each other.
  
(3)利用上下文对该词所表示的事物、性质等的进一步叙述来推测。常用的手段包括定语从句、破折号以及that is, i.e., in other words, namely等词语。
  
In the long run,participation in the information age may not be a zero sum game,where if some groups win,others must lose.
  
The government’s analysis spells out so-called digital divide.That is,the digital explosion is not booming at the same pace for everyone.
  
(4)依据同位语进行推测。
  
A variety of explanations have been proposed by psychologists for this childhood amnesia(童年失忆症).One argues that the hippocampus,the region of the brain which is responsible for forming memories,does not mature until about the age of two.
  
(5)根据对比意义来推测。含有对比意义的词语有
while,whereas,in contrast,by comparison,but等。
  
He is easy-going,whereas his brother is difficult to get on with.
  
Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy.Almost everyone thinks attractive people are happier and healthier,have better marriages and more respectable occupations.Personal consultants give better advice for finding jobs.Even judges are softer on attractive defendants.But in the executive circle,beauty can become a liability.
4、态度题的解题技巧
  
要善于根据措辞的感情色彩、倾向性以及修辞性疑问句等判断作者或其他说话者的态度。如:
  
Tens of thousands of 18-year-olds will graduate this year and be handed meaningless diplomas.
  
Can bilingual programs that emphasize cultural pride successfully teach the English language skills that students need to succeed in American society?
  
表示态度的词语:
  
subjective(主观的) objective (客观的)
  
partial(偏袒的) impartial (公正的)
  
biased(有偏见的) unbiased (客观的)
  
prejudiced (有偏见的) neutral (中立的)
  
positive (积极的,肯定的)negative(消极的,否定的)
  
indifferent (无所谓的) supportive(支持的)
  
optimistic (乐观的) pessimistic (悲观的)
  
critical (批评的) sympathetic (同情的)
  
exaggerating (夸张的) suspicious (怀疑的)
  
skeptical (怀疑的) doubtful (怀疑的)
  
ironical (讽刺的) sarcastic (讽刺的)
  
5、推断题的解题技巧
  
(1)辨别推断题是针对整篇文章的还是某一个段落或者某一个句子。如果问题针对整篇文章,则要通读全文,推断时要紧扣文章的主旨;倘若针对的是段落或句子,则要进行信息定位。
  
(2)对于要求考生判断文前内容的题型,重点阅读文章的开头;对于要求考生判断文后内容的题型,重点阅读文章的结尾。
  
(3)内容直接来源于文章的选项一般不会是正确答案。
  
6、是非判断题的解题技巧
  
审视每一个选项,采用排除法确定正确答案。

以上,就是翰章(华章)老师为大家总结的关于MBA英语阅读的六大题型及其解题技巧了!

距离联考还有3个月的时间,想在短时间内提高英语成绩可不是一件容易的事,但是在翰章(华章)老师的指导下,基础薄弱的考生依旧有捷径可寻!


推荐课程:

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